czwartek, 30 marca 2006
Promocja Zatrudnienia i Rozwój Zasobów Ludzkich w Polsce

Wstęp do ewaluacji ex-post Programu PL01.06.09.01-02
Promocja Zatrudnienia i Rozwój Zasobów Ludzkich  (Phare 2001 SSG komponent RZL)

Cytowanie raportu powinno być opatrzone następującą notą bibliograficzną:

Raport końcowy pn.
" Wstęp do ewaluacji ex-post Programu PL01.06.09.01-02
Promocja Zatrudnienia i Rozwój Zasobów Ludzkich
(Phare 2001 SSG komponent RZL)"
opracowany przez Polską Agencję Rozwoju Przedsiębiorczości,
Warszawa 2005
http://www.parp.gov.pl/raport28.html

Pełny tekst raportu w formacie pdf:

pdf 2467 kb

Streszczenie raportu w formie prezentacji

Niniejszy raport jest prezentacją wyników z monitoringu Programu PL01.06.09.01-02 Promocja Zatrudnienia i Rozwój Zasobów Ludzkich – Phare 2001 SSG komponent RZL. Badany Program realizowany był w okresie od października 2003 do marca 2005 roku, we wszystkich 16 regionach Polski. Badanie zostało zrealizowane przez Wojewódzkie Urzędy Pracy w 6 miesięcy po zakończeniu poszczególnych kontraktów w województwach. Koordynacją całego procesu monitoringu zajmowała się Polska Agencja Rozwoju Przedsiębiorczości. Analizę i opracowanie wyników badania przeprowadził Zespół Programowania i Ewaluacji – Sekcja Ewaluacji PARP.

http://www.parp.gov.pl/raport28.html

19:56, kultur , Warschau - EU - PL
Link
internetowe giełdy pracy w Niemczech: jobpilot.de i monster.de

Die beiden von Monster Worldwide Deutschland GmbH betriebenen
Karriereportale jobpilot.de und Monster.de sind Testsieger unter den
sechs von ComputerBILD getesteten Jobbörsen in Deutschland. jobpilot
holte sich aufgrund der einfachsten Bedienbarkeit aller getesteten
Internet-Stellenportale den Testsieg. Das Urteil der ComputerBILD
Redaktion: "Das Angebot von jobpilot ist sehr verständlich und
übersichtlich. Selbst Internet-Neulinge dürften sich auf den gut
strukturierten Seiten schnell zurechtfinden."

   Monster überzeugte wie auch jobpilot durch die "einfache
Suchfunktion und die sehr gute Qualität der Suchergebnisse." So ist
im ComputerBILD-Test die Anzahl der auf die Suchprofile passenden
Stellenangebote bei Monster beispielsweise fünf mal höher als bei der
Bundesagentur für Arbeit.  Die Redaktion testete darüber hinaus noch
folgende Kriterien: Größe des Angebots, Informationswert,
Bedienungsfreundlichkeit, Service, Datenschutz und Sicherheit sowie
Ladegeschwindigkeit der Seite. 

   Wie bedeutend Internet-Stellenbörsen für Jobsuchende sind, belegt
auch die Studie "Bewerbungspraxis 2006" der Universität Frankfurt in
Zusammenarbeit mit Monster: Mehr als 86 Prozent der Befragten geben
an, Internet-Stellenportale häufig oder sehr häufig für die
Informationsbeschaffung in der Stellensuche zu verwenden, die
Reichhaltigkeit der Information spielt dabei eine wichtige Rolle.
Davide Villa, CEO der Monster Deutschland GmbH: "Das Testergebnis
bestätigt, dass für den Anwender nicht nur die einfache Bedienbarkeit
und die Qualität der Suchergebnisse entscheidend sind, sondern auch
der Informationswert des Portals. Monster und jobpilot bieten viele
Informationen rund um das Thema Karriere, die weit über die
Stellensuche hinaus gehen." 

   Vorteile für Arbeitgeber und Kandidaten

   Monster Worldwide Deutschland bietet jährlich mehr als 300.000
Stellenangebote an. Monster-Kunden können aus einem strukturieren
Pool mit über 660.000 Lebensläufen Nachwuchs-, Fach- und
Führungskräfte rekrutieren. Pro Monat verzeichnet das Karriere-Portal
mehr als 2,3 Millionen Besuche.

   Für Bewerber und Interessenten bietet Monster ein breites Angebot
über die Stellensuche hinaus:

   - Karrierejournal mit vielen Informationen und Tipps zu Themen wie
     Bewerbung, Arbeitsrecht, Gehalt und Weiterbildung
   - Monster Community mit der Möglichkeit des Erfahrungsaustauschs
     sowie Befragung von Experten zu allen Themen rund um Beruf und
     Karriere
   - Umfassendes Angebot an Weiterbildungsmaßnahmen in Zusammenarbeit
     mit Partnern im Learning Channel


http://www.presseportal.de/story.htx?nr=804589

 
 PR-Agentur:
Weber Shandwick Deutschland GmbH
Birgit Gehring
Tel.: 089.380179-46
E-Mail:
bgehring@webershandwick.com

19:36, kultur , internet
Link
poniedziałek, 27 marca 2006
Marek Glogoczowski, Ph. D.: THE TERROR OF THE VIRTUAL GOD
----- Original Message -----      http://tinyurl.com/nwzcf 
From: Marek Glogoczowski
Sent: Monday, March 27, 2006 8:56 AM
Subject: Fw: THE TERROR OF THE VIRTUAL GOD

Addendum to “Aristotelian deciphering of YHWH’s message”

My short essay on Aristotelian unmasking of YHWH’s imposture brought several interesting commentaries from my friends and students. In particular I got a short ‘couriel’ from French anthropologist Côme Carpentier de Gourdon, the co-editor of “World Affairs” quarterly in New Delhi. Côme forwarded me the following comment from Vamadeva, a well known Vedic Scholar:

 (From: Pvshastri@aol.com) “Yahweh as a demigod or asura is a view found not only in certain western mystical circles (some Gnostics), but also some Hindu thinkers like Ram Swarup have brought this up in his Hindu view of Christianity and Islam. Even many deists like some of the American founding fathers had trouble with Yahweh.

 Much of the present world crisis and western hubris can be traced to that exclusive God, who is outside of nature and intolerant of any real spirituality. In mainstream Christianity and Islam this exclusive God became a political and military power aimed at conversion, creating mob violence of various types.

Even the Jesus of Christian evangelicals is arguably such an asuric creation of their own collective psyche, which they can indeed experience on a subjective level, but not a truly spiritual principle.

Vivekananda similarly regarded Mohammed as an untrained soul who fell into some Samadhi experiences but tainted them with his ego and created an asuric force. Other such demigods and asuric beings exist and take different forms to influence people in various ways. Hindu and Buddhist Tantrics often work with them as well and sometimes fall under their power. The mass media easily lends itself to such influences as well.

I admit that being a person grown in a monotheist tradition of reasoning, I would never imagine that the pretentious “Unique god” of Judeo-Christians is prone to be classified in the category of ‘demigods’ (or “asuric creations”, as wrote it Varmadeva), existing oly in polytheist religions. Such ranking of YHWH explains indeed very well why this ‘demigod’, already in his First Mosaic Commandment, announces “I the Lord am a JEALOUS god”. As observes it Plato in his dialogue “Timaios”, a true Creator (“Builder of the World”) cannot be jealous for he is Perfect. YHWH thus, in his own terms, falls into the category of beings, which are defective.

 If the “G-d of Abraham of Isaac and Jacob” is defective, people remaining under its influence must be defective too. Karl Marx in his short essay “Zur Judefrage” (“On Jewish Question”) published in 1844 claims that self-centred, money obsessed Jews behave in a “not fully human” manner. According to the quoted above Vedic science specialist, these Jews – together with “Christian Evangelicals” – worship a demigod, so logically they should be classified as “demiheads” (“pólglówek” in Polish). Indeed, observing what ‘our” Judeo-Christian Western Civilization is achieving worldwide, one has an overwhelming impression of aggression of Order of Demiheads (“pólglówków”, see [1]) stuffed with their “god”.

 Soon after completing my “Aristotelian” exegesis of the term YHWH, I outlined it to my students too. In exchange I got from these students of the third year of philosophy, a copy of a page from Erich Fromm’s book “Psychoanalysis and Religion”, where this well known author makes his own exegesis of the term YHWH. Fromm explains the meaning of these four famous letters as “I am being that I am being”. Armed with his knowledge of Hebrew, he suggests that “such name of god signifies rather a process (thus something, which is ‘becoming’ – M.G.) than something achieved, which is possible to name. The meaning of the (biblical) text would be preserved in exactitude if we translate it as “My name is NAMELESS”.

 Such “nameless name” is surely appealing to all ‘pólglóweks’ (“demiheads”) reading and re-reading mysteries hidden in the Bible. Nevertheless, if we put our “Nameless” in the context of Albert Camus observation that the worst danger is the one, which we are not able to name, a very precise conclusion arises. Namely, the demigod YHWH, considered by Judeo-Christian rabbis and clerics to be the “good” one, in the superior understanding of old, both Greek and Vedic philosophy, turns to be an incarnation of evil! To this pertinent observation I added further arguments of Erich Fromm, in particular his assertion that although people consider Jahveh as a Person and as a God Father, in fact it is (as a “process”) of course impersonal, and thus it cannot be ‘the Father’!

 Once I assimilated this Erich Fromm’s exegesis of the term YHWH, I outlined it, during  a subsequent lecture with the same group of students, on the blackboard, asking listeners to solve the following “puzzle”:

 It claims to be an invariant ‘BEING’ ------- but in fact, as a ‘process’, it is only ‘BECOMING’;

It claims to be NAMELESS -------- but in fact, IT HAS THE NAME YHWH;

It suggests to be IMPERSONAL ------- but in fact it is “I am”, thus PERSONAL;

It stresses that it is EXISTING ------- but in fact, it is ?

Here the answer of my class was spontaneous and unanimous: IT IS NOT EXISTING!

23:28, kultur , o kulcie Mammona
Link

So I asked them WHAT IS EXISTING NOT EXISTING? At this moment in my class of  philosophy students was a silence, for in Poland terms like ‘VIRTUAL’ and ‘VIRTUALITY’ are not yet in common use (this despite the existence of an important portal “Wirtualna Polska”, www.wp.pl ). So I had to explain to them that in colloquial English the term “virtuality”, denominating “existing not existing”, is well understood, in particular in the case of so-called “virtual money”. Such ‘funny money’ exist only in the realm of bank accounts, nevertheless these, not existing in the reality outside bank computers “money”, are very useful in various large scale speculations, furnishing impressive REAL BENEFITS to these few who learned how to operate in the world of financial “virtuality”.

So why not to consider the enigmatic YHWH as a kind of spiritual “virtual money”, existing – as a ‘process’ – only in heads (“banking accounts”) of its believers, otherwise known as “creditors” (from Latin credere, to believe in)? Such deciphering of the mystery of the term YHWH, is indeed an excellent ‘prehensile notion’ (the term used by Stoics), permitting us to deal efficiently with so called “missionaries” of this specific “Unique God”. Namely, all men, which consider Jehovah as their LORD, by a sheer imitation of their Virtual Master, must specialize in CREATION OF VIRTUALITY, which activity cannot be guided by noble intentions. To the contrary, such “creation” is necessarily vile, for it obscures the world humans are living in. All noble humans – Buddha, Jesus, Confucius and Marx included – were inviting their followers to sharpen their senses in order to be able to understand as perfectly as possible the world around them. The “creation” of virtuality – it means the invention of not existing “beings”, since millenaries is the specialty of common crooks, swindlers and imposteurs.

 All this means that when we read in the Bible that YHWH is “the Lord of hosts”, we shall have in mind that these “hosts” are “armies of crooks, swindlers and liars”, which “not fully humans” are indeed abundantly flourishing in all countries “under God” ([2]). The vile nature of this ugly ‘asuric’ semi-god “of Abraham, of Isaac and of Jacob” was known already in antique Israel, and it is not by accident that the concluding the Old Testament ”small prophet” Malahi quoted with a scorn opinion of common people in his country “Every who does evil is good in eyes of the LORD, and he delights in them. ... Where is the God of justice?” (Mal. 2, 17.)

 Such hostile to the “Lord of hosts” voices were much more freely expressed under the Greek and than Roman occupation of Israel. In the Gospel of Matthew 23,27 Jesus denounces for example pious Pharisees “Voe to you hypocrites! for you are like the whitewashed tombs, which outwardly appear beautiful, but within they are full of dead men’s bones and all uncleanness”; in John 8, 44 Jesus explains to “Jews who had believed in him” that “You are of your father the devil (...)  He was a murder from the beginning, and has nothing to do with the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks according to his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies”. Also in two thousand years old manuscripts, which were discovered in caves near the Dead Sea in 1947, there is reported the obsession of  antique Jews that High Priest of their religion is always accompanied, like a shadow, by a Liar ([3]).

23:27, kultur , o kulcie Mammona
Link

The Christian religion is entirely the intellectual product of Jewish dissidents, living at the isthmus between Asia and Africa, where orthodox Judaism had to compete with Hellenistic culture dominating in this part of the Roman Empire. No wonder thus that soon after cruel silencing of Jesus “the Spirit of the Liar” manifested itself also among naive Christians, too. A mindful person, while reading, for example, the chapter 2 of Paul’s “I Letter to Corinthians” may quickly recognize that it is a classical “song of a liar”. The cognitive deficiency of Paul’s reasoning is particularly well illustrated by his bold statement “As it is written ‘What no eye has seen, nor ear heard, nor the heart of man conceived, what God has prepared for those who love him’” (I Cor. 2, 9).

Despite Paul’s assertion that the ‘blind and deaf’ Spirit may communicate something to those “(blind and deaf) who love God”, all serious philosophers and psychologists know very well that “Nihil est in intellectu quod prius fuerit in sensu”. This principle of building of one’s consciousness – which knowledge we can trace back to Aristotle – dictates that everything we think is constructed from elements of the reality, which we have perceived with our senses. This is valid also in the case of the notion of ‘spirit’, which has its etymological origin in the Latin name for the physiological process of breathing; the same holds in case of Slavic (‘duch’ from ‘oddech’) and Greek (‘pneuma’) equivalents of  English ‘spirit’.

 

This “material necessity, which even God/Lord cannot overstep” means that the Spirit (“breath”) cannot transmit anything without collaboration of human senses. It is indeed easy to demonstrate how the “apostle” Paul, thanks to his eyes and ears, had managed to incorporate into his “Letters” old prophecies of Isaiah – which prophecies, in a turn, were generalizations of antique Phoenician and Hebrew “Lords” practices of concealment of crimes, by means of appropriately “sold” sufferances of their obedient servants, including fulburnings (ritual holocausts) of their primordial sons ([4]).

 

So once again “nothing is in man’s intellect, which earlier wasn’t in his senses”, and if “apostle” Paul claimed the contrary, he surely was a devoid of scruples LIAR, one of multitude of such odious people flourishing, since the invention of scripture, in the so called “Holy Land”. And of course the Christianity, poisoned by Paul’s “Letters”, quickly turned into one more sect dominated by professional crooks. As observed it Varmadeva, these demi-headed “Crooks of the Lord” must try to impose, by all means possible, their “Holy Lies” everywhere, this out of trivial necessity to silence all reasoning souls, capable to denounce their fraudulent behavior.

 

At the end of this short comment to the Varmadeva opinion on the ‘asuric’ (‘demigod’) character of all modern mutations of commercial religions of Phoenicians and Hebrews, it is of interest to demonstrate what the Western Christianity is in its very essence. For this purpose it is worth to recall works of the most prominent Christian “lawyer and scribe” named Aurelius Augustin, living at the time of collapse of Rome in the 5th century. This Father of the Church, during his turbulent youth has learned all tricks, which corrupt lawyers are using in order to present their client in the best light possible. Once he converted to Christianity, he efficiently used these skills in the service of his new “Lord”. Augustin reasoned, following imitato-Platonian teachings of Plotinus that due to our sensory and linguistic infirmity, in fact nothing is known about the nature of an immaterial God. Nevertheless, starting from the Plotinian assumption that an immaterial being can have only negative material characteristics, Augustin managed to give a superb vision of his freshly accepted “Lord”: “One knows nothing about God. Devoid of quality it is Good, devoid of quantity it is Great, without any need and necessity it is Creative, remaining impossible to be situated, it is Omnipresent” ([5]).

 

 So I asked my students to find an equivalent of the word “qualityless” – they said “null” or even “queer”, as the equivalent of “quantityless” they found words “empty” or “zero”, but with “devoid of needs” and “impossible to situate” they had troubles to find equivalent expressions. I explained to them that according to Aristotle, something which has no needs, is by a definition dead and thus also sterile, for the life is the constant activity towards satisfaction of needs. And something, which appears to be present everywhere, without the possibility of pointing at its location, might be trivially the phantom, which is obsessing a schizophrenic person – which analogy my students well understood.

23:27, kultur , o kulcie Mammona
Link

In this Socratic manner we managed to grasp the essence of “the God of Abraham, of Isaac, of Jacob, of Saul/Paul and of Augustin”. This self-declared Supreme Lord is advertised by clergy as Good, Great, Creative and Omnipresent one, but in fact it is only a phantom dwelling in schizophrenia afflicted brains of its “apostles”. This phantom, created by Paul’s ill imagination, is completely Null, Queer, Dead and Sterile, like this beloved by Paul dead corpse (the one of Judas, as argue Moslems) hanging inertly on the “Christian” cross. This is the hidden reality of a pathological ‘mindset’ of all clergymen and all philosophers, which pretend that the Church of St. Paul, centered at “redemptory tortures” of the Christ, is something worth to marvel at. “They are like the whitewashed tombs, which outwardly appear beautiful, but within they are full of dead men’s bones and all uncleanness” – to quote once again the still living words of Jesus.

 

And of course all sects, modeling their understanding of the world on both Old and New Testament, are trying to transform our Beautiful and Fertile, filled with Life and Healthy Planet into an Evil, Flat and Sterile Desert, filled with scriptures, engines and drugs creating in their moronized users the feeling of “virtual” Happiness and Health. These sects are aiming at the “creation” of the Poor Earth, where all daring to reason people will be automatically persecuted at the image of Christ’s tortures – whose “cross” is supposedly giving the “salvation” and “redemption” to all possible swindlers both of the Old and New Israel. They are aiming at the creation of a Planet where the “Lord” (Moloch or Baal) of Israel will be incessantly glorified by fires of unending Holocausts (fulburnings), the Planet where the Paul’s announced  Second Coming of Christ already began, this with the wicked bombings of Hamburg, Dresden, Hiroshima, Phjongjang and Hanoi, and recently Novi Sad, New York, Caboul and Fallujah.

 

M.G., March 25, 2006

www.marek.glogoczowski.zaprasza.net

        

23:26, kultur , o kulcie Mammona
Link

Here the history of “Christian” Western World, since its birth roughly two thousand years ago, may be read as the history of subsequent, artificially mounted ‘panics’, beginning with this enormous one reported in the “Revelation” of St. John, describing the atmosphere of the monstrous fear ridden early Christian communities, getting ready for the “End of the time” Armageddon events, including the promised by St. Paul rapture out of the credulous “chosen”. Once the YHWH cult become popular among Western populations, “drunken” by biblical texts, we had subsequent manifestations of collective hallucinations invented and promoted by skilful businessmen, to mention only the “Children’s Croisade”, which filled pockets of Venetian merchants, who sold innocent children of European ‘credulous’ aristocracy to pirates and despotic Islam rulers of Levant.

whole Yahvist cult. This cult of “process”, exactly like in the in case of prominent stock exchange dealers, is giving very real benefits to speculators in the domain of “godliness”, of course at the expense of naive ‘credulous’! In the “Aristotelian” exegesis, which I emailed a month ago, I proposed to class YHWH in the category of ARTIFICIAL objects. At present, thanks to the help of my students, I propose to consider. is spreading worldwide like a true pestilence since circa 2,5 thousand years. (In opinion of the mentioned above Albert Camus – who is the author of the famous book titled “Le peste” –  “Two thousand years of (Judeo)Christianity is enough!”)

 

* This “demiheadness” of American Civilization was well sensed by the French writer Henri de Motherlant, who in his book “Chaos and Night” wrote: “The only nation, which is able to lower the level of intelligence, of morality and quality of manhood – and this at the scale of the whole globe – this was never seen. I accuse the United States of perpetual persistence in the crime against the humanity.

 

** See the book of James C. Vanderkom “Manuscripts from shores of Dead Sea” (Polish edition Cyklady, Warszawa, 1996).

 

 

[1] This “demiheadness” of American Civilization was well sensed by the French writer Henri de Motherlant, who in his book “Chaos and Night” wrote: “The only nation, which is able to lower the level of intelligence, of morality and quality of manhood – and this at the scale of the whole globe – this was never seen. I accuse the United States of perpetual persistence in the crime against the humanity.

[2] In the most recent book of Israel Shamir titled “PaRDeS” (Paradise), in the chapter “peshat” (“The Man Higher Up”), which deals with money, the word “crook(s)” is repeated more than dozen times, for indeed the USA today (and imitating it Israel) are real havens for all kind of swindlers. Swindlers, which of course are protecting the loot they accumulated by a banner with the famous “You shall not steal”.

[3] See the book of James C. Vanderkom “Manuscripts from shores of Dead Sea” (Polish edition Cyklady, Warszawa, 1996).

[4] See the esay „Obscure Profits of Christs’ Passion” at www.marek.glogoczowski.zaprasza.net

[5] Jan Legowicz „Historia Filozofii Starożytnej grecji i Rzymu”, PWN, Warszawa 1973.

23:25, kultur , o kulcie Mammona
Link
Marek Glogoczowski, Ph.D.: Aristotelian deciphering of YHWH’s “logos”

Aristotelian deciphering of YHWH’s “logos”

THE GENESIS (ORIGIN) OF OUR “SUPER” SPECIES

by Means of G-d’s (s)Election, or the Preservation of the Favoured Race in the Struggle for Earth’s Possession

Marek Glogoczowski, Ph.D.

 Abstract

The author’s approach to the message of Hebrew Holy Scripture ([i]) is based principally on the logic hidden in the word YHWH, which word (“logos”) is possible to range among more general category of man made notions. Once such Aristotelian general category is established, by a logical deduction it is possible to predict the whole set of  behaviors, which characterize people remaining under YHWH’s dependence. The goal of activities of these zealous YHWH “servants” turns indeed to be very simple, for it consists of an aggressive proliferation of “G-d chosen” human sub-species – or rather “super species” –  specialized in the interception of all earth’s riches. As recalls it Israel Shamir in the book “PaRDeS” (Paradise), already David’s “Psalms” announce the oncoming total “leveling” and subjugation to Israel of our planet:

 The LORD (Israel? gold?) will become king over all the earth, on that day the LORD will be one and his name (Israel/Mammon) one. The whole land shall be turned into a plain (monotonous desert), but Jerusalem shall remain aloft (on a heap of gold), and shall dwell in security (self-imprisoned there).”

 Such biblical project of the “flat earth” is utterly pathological from the viewpoint of every honest psychologist, but nevertheless it is arduously realized at present by the “Twin Empire” USA/Israel. The author postulates that the actual geopolitical domination of YHWH “servants” results from a trivial cognitive swindle, consisting of the substitution of the Natural Law by an Artificial one, inserted into the Bible. Thanks to precise Aristotelian definition of the differentia specifica, which distinguishes the Living (zoa) from the non-living, not organized matter (hyle), as well from products of man’s labor (techne), it is possible to anamnese (recall) the Basic Law of Living Nature, well known in antiquity to Plato and Aristotle, and in modern times to Lamarck and Piaget. This LAW OF HILOZOA corresponds to Aristotelian “First Motor” or “Immobile Mover”, which conditions behaviors of all living organisms, including the reported in the Bible childish dreams (and scoundrel acts) of Hebrew Supermen. Once this LAW OF LIVING NATURE becomes widely recognized, the pathology of New Jerusalem’s “Flat Earth Project” will be reported ad calandras Graekas. The present essay may serve as a “Foreword” to author’s earlier works on this zoologico-religious topic, in particular as an introduction to the completed two years ago essay “Lord of Ignorance”, and to a longer dialogue, written five years earlier, titled “Syndrome of Blind Watchmaker”.



[i] The number of works, representing a critical approach to the “God” of Old Testament is relatively low, but nevertheless they are known to the public interested in foundations of Judeo-Christian thought (or rather, in deficiencies of this thought, which failings are demonstrated the best by the incompatibility of fides et ratio, of faith with Reason). To such critical literature belongs in particular the book “God. A Biography”, for which the former Jesuit Jack Miles received the Pullitzer Prize in 1996. Also an even more interesting treatise of Emmanuel Lévinas “Difficile liberté, Essais sur le judaisme”, published three decades earlier.

22:58, kultur , o kulcie Mammona
Link
1. The Anglo-Saxon Cult of the Artificial

Armand Cleese, the director of the European Affairs Institute in Luxembourg, and author of interesting books on the English and than American Empires, told us during the World Public Forum at Rhodes in 2003, that USA considers itself to be the „beacon of the world” ([i]). In opinion of consecutive American Presidents their country is an incarnation of the biblical „city on the hill”, which emanates from itself the light, which all other nations are supposed to follow. The most recent example of such „Lord-like” attitude was given by the President of USA, George Bush jr., who in his propaganda speech, delivered at Kyoto on Nov. 15 2005, asked leaders of the nearby giant of atheist China to follow the path of Democracy, which was established (with the help of US Army) in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. In particular Bush jr. asked to „open” the China for the free lecture of the Bible, which in USA is the essential source of inspiration of this „nation under God”.

         In the Bible the central (although invisible) Person is the God (or G-d, as write it Hebrews), which in holy texts reveals its only one name YHWH, meaning „I am who I am” in Hebrew. The stress put on “I am” in this ancient God’s name, made the living in Alexandria, contemporary of Jesus of Nazareth philosopher Philo Judeaus, call YHWH with reference „EXISTING”, which term underlines this God-person eternal presence. But what other information can we infer from these famous four letters of Hebrew alphabet? At the first glimpse this short name offer us no much information about „our” (i.e. Judeo-Christian) God, except that it is supposed to be Eternal (and thus ‘Existing’). But this is only very superficial judgement. The work of a professional philosopher – to which category of researchers belongs at present the author – consists of elucidation of meaning of frequently common terms, which in their essence (Ding an sich – of Immanuel Kant) represent features quite different from appearances (doxa – in Greek), to which people are accustomed.

 As the name YHWH, „I am, who I am” (or „I am Existing” in interpretation of Philo of Alexandria) is considered, the task of a philosopher is relatively easy. Already several decades prior to the completion of the text of the Bible in the middle of 5th century BC, a well known in the Antiquity (probably also in Babylonia) Greek philosopher Parmenides, by a pure reasoning formed the famous Paradox of Being (or, to use the term of Philo, „Existing”). As recalls it Wladyslaw Tatarkiewicz ([ii]):

 From the simple tautological principlethat being exists, and not being does not exist’, Parmenides deduced several things, namely all properties of being. … ‘Being has no beginning, for where from it could originate? Only from a non-being – but the non being does not exists. It cannot have an end, too, due to the same reason. … Being is thus eternal. Moreover, it is continuous and in general invariant, for it can change only into a non-being; it is not divisible, for parts of a being, not being a being itself, must be a non-being; it has no differences in itself, because all this, which is different from a being, is a non-being.’ It means that being is unitary and invariant; it is the opposition of becoming and multiplicity.”

 As stresses it Tatarkiewicz, the ‘being’, defined by a such logical deduction, is a product (an artifact) of thought solely, with no relation to the world, which is experienced by human senses. Logically such ‘being’ (Existing, or YHWH) was able to manifest itself to people only after the invention of language containing the verb „to be”. Moreover, the fascination with a ‘being’, which fascination gave rise to an important field of philosophy called ontology, began once the mentioned above Paradox of Parmenides was put in a written form. Prior to the invention of the scripture, the statement „I am” – or „I am who I am” – was not making on anyone the impression of a mystery: if we happen to meet someone declaring to us „I am who I am” we have a feeling that such person is trying to conceal his personality.



[i] Armand Cleese  “America’s Classical Security Dilemma, Search for a New World Order” [in] World Affairs, vol. 8, no 2, New Delhi 2004.

[ii] Władysław Tatarkiewicz Historia filozofii, vol. 1, PWN, Warszawa 1970.

22:57, kultur , o kulcie Mammona
Link
 
1 , 2 , 3
Zakładki:
EU-Fotos
FREUNDE - PRZYJACIELE
IN POLEN - W POLSCE
KOSIEWSKI
Księga - Gästebuch
KULTUR
LITERATUR
Narodowi socjaliści - komuniści - inne
NASZE - UNSERE
POLONIA i Polacy poza granicami RP
SOWA
SOWA RADIO
SOWA VIDEO
UNIA & POLSKA
YES - POLAND